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What are your favorite historical biographies? Preferably not one of a U.S. president, but all are appreciated.

Also, general /his/ books thread.
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Bump
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>>3814041
It's a big picture most definitely! It's literally exactly what you're looking for. Br
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>>3814041
It's a big picture most definitely! It's literally exactly what you're looking for. British and Russian perspective.
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>>3810274

Although I love the list provided, I do advise

>Leviathan
>A Treatise of Human Nature

When understanding why the American Revolution occurred and where this desire for a united representative democracy comes from, Common Sense, Two Treatises, Leviathan, and Human Nature are all incredibly important works. 3 of them offer a positive view; Leviathan by Hobbes gives the opposing view of social contract theory. That kings rule for a reason.

That's at least my opinion. I'm in a course writing a test thesis and it's on political divide. I've used these pieces as the foundation and 'enjoyed' (i.e. found them useful) them thoroughly. Recommend as a first-hand account/primary source.
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Any good biograpgies on Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, or primary sources from german east africa during ww1?

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I remember coming on here a month or so ago complaining about my dad thinking he's a moor (with no proof) and believing dinosaurs were not real, and that he could get a nationality card and stop paying taxes.

He also believes he doesn't need a driver's license to drive. He's becoming your everyday sovereign citizens, and becoming increasingly antisemitic. "The government is illegitimate" is his favorite catchphrase.

He still believes a nationality card is real, and being a 'moor' can get you benefits (tax evasion) and sovereign citizens cannot be sovereign unless they have been naturalized.

On top of it all, he believes moors are indigenous to America. And America is Morocco, according to him.

He believes America is actually Morocco, Im not even kidding. This is because of some 'friendship treaty' that he believes links the two or some shit.

How do I stop the insanity? What can be done?

NOTE: he's still trying to get his nationality card.
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>>3816317
Jesus christ.
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>>3816328
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at least he's not a communist.
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>>3815966
While your dad's nuts, the 'friendship treaty' is a real thing. Morocco was the first country to formally recognize the USA. I'm not sure what's in the treaty other than that American trade ships are free to land at Moroccan ports, though.
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>>3815966
This is what /his/ has became, instead of history we have "my dad is a retard" threads. Just literally fuck off faggot.

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and if so why?
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>>3816539
There's early colonial sources for Tasmanian abos making fire, Jones shat the bed in pushing that bullshit.
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>>3817023
>evil colonist wuz liars
>unless they say something that agrees with my leftist ideology
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>>3817027
>evil academics wuz revisionists
>unless they say something that agrees with my dumbcunt ideology
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>>3817045
>evil academics wuz revisionists
nice strawman.
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>>3817088
Pretending to be retarded is the lowest form of trolling.

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Why did Americans kill Patrice Lumumba and Thomas Sankara?
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>>3816419
Commies
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>>3816419
wanted to nationalize countries resources. they also started to be friends with commies which was a big no-no to us
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>>3816419
He looks like Bernie Mac
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>>3816419

Western civilisation needs a constant flow of cheap resources from the Third World to function. If the 'leader' of an exploited nation decides to cut the strings and nationalise everything, that reduces the surplus in the First World that allows us the illusion of democracy and civil society. One step closer to the collapse of the West and subsequent reversion to pre-industrial feudalism and immiseration. We don't want that, and so we kill.
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>>3816419
he wasn't corrupt enough to control.

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"As the years went by Cicero continued his struggle, he became Consul and, for a time, stopped waste and thievery. But the people again grew careless, weary of well doing, and the avaricious and the corrupt politicians moved in and sought to banish Cicero. Once again he appeared before the Senate, but this time to plead his own cause. He said "The Senate, in truth, has no right to censure me for anything, for I did but my duty and exposed traitors and treason against the State. If that is a crime, then I am indeed a criminal."

Crassus, Caesar and Pompey were present. He turned and looked at them, but their faces were shut against him. His smile was sad as he said to them,

>"You have succeeded against me. Be it as you will. I will depart."

Later,
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>"For this day's work, lords, you have encouraged treason and opened the prison doors to free the traitors. A nation can survive its fools, and even the ambitious. But it cannot survive treason from within. An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and he carries his banners openly against the city. But the traitor moves among those within the gates freely, his sly whispers rustling through all the alleys, heard in the very halls of government itself. For the traitor appears no traitor; he speaks in the accents familiar to his victims, and he wears their face and their garments, and he appeals to the baseness that lies deep in the hearts of all men. He rots the soul of a nation; he works secretly and unknown in the night to undermine the pillars of a city; he infects the body politic so that it can no longer resist. A murderer is less to be feared. The traitor is the carrier of the plague. You have unbarred the gates of Rome to him."

Cicero was exiled from Rome but not from his conscience. He continued to plead the cause of honest government. But the people he pleaded for were not concerned. His friends, the lawyers, the doctors, and the businessmen told him: "We do not meddle in politics. Rome is prosperous and at peace. We have our villas in Caprae, our racing vessels, our houses, our servants, our pretty mistresses, and our comfort and treasures. We implore you, Cicero, do not disturb us with your lamentations of disaster. Rome is on the march to the mighty society, for all Romans."


-- Millard Caldwell, 'Cicero's Prognosis'
http://www.aapsonline.org/brochures/cicero.htm
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Interesting.
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>>3816590
>>3817003
I agree.
I love this stuff.
Must post cato too
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>>3816590

Kikero was a faggot, a hypocrite, a liar, a lawyer, and ultimately a totally ineffectual tool. I have no clue why so many retards worship the ground he walked on.

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Why did Italian replace Latin?
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>>3812976
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J6dFEtb06nw
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>>3816772

you know there's an italian out there that understands that
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>>3816925
boppity boopy
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>>3812976
Linguistic change lmao. "Why did Mandarin replace Old Chinese?"
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>>3817001
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-g3er7P-lM

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What does /his/ think about them?
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>>3815684
>>3816406
Tips fedora.
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>>3816441
>c'mon kid you don't wanna be uncool, do you, worship YHVH
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My opinion on memefaiths?
>>>/trash/
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>>3815660
A bunch of people who care way too much about religion trying to make it look like they don't care about religion.
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>>3816986
This. People who claim to be "apatheist" but don't shut up about their opinions on God and theology.

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http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/colonialism-academic-article-bruce-gilley-threats-violence-published-withdrawn-third-world-quarterly-a7996371.html?

Was he right? Was colonialism in fact supported by natives and beneficial to them?
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>>3816841
India was already fairly well developed. It would have been more beneficial if they had resisted colonialism and had their own Meiji restoration.
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>>3816848
India was just recovering from Islamic tyranny.
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Colonialism could sometimes be beneficial to natives in the same way that being conquered by a technologically superior power - which is essentially what it was - could be. After all, if you were just a common muckymuck, you didn't care much who was in charge so long as you were sheltered, safe, and fed. Colonial governments tended to do one of two things: Provide those things, in which case great; or exterminate you and your entire ethnic group for being in the way in which case there was shortly no one left around to complain and everyone else benefited from the suddenly freed up lands and resources. It's important to note these powers did not do these things out of some kind of benign attempt to make the world a civilized place - they were after something, that something was to make money.

I think what Gilley is grasping at here and not doing a very good job of it, is the understanding that the popular modern concept of "Regime Change" or "Supporting foreign governments" is nothing more than a new and even less effective form of colonialism. Attempts to enforce your will on other nations cannot be done half heartedly - either you bloody well do it and do it properly, or you do it at all. The half assed way the west and the United States in particular has been adventuring around Asia and the Middle east since the 60's has caused us nothing but grief because of these half measures. "'No one,' said Robespierre, 'welcomes armed liberators.'"
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>>3816871
Really, if you except Iraq and Vietnam, the US has used power in a relatively effective way.

It's just when retards from Texas get elected.
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>>3816891
the US foreign policy since the cold war, especially as it relates to the middle east and asia, has been an absolute cluster fuck at every level and has come back to bite us at every turn

What is the ideal age for a soldier? Is sending 18 years old into combat really a good idea? Are older men less prone to bullshit and more likely to mutiny?
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No connections to the world but family, so you make the army their new family.

Also 18 year olds have no understanding of mortality, theirs or anyone else's.

Also you can convince them it's better to risk dying than be embarrassed in front of everyone.
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>>3811885
>americans can sign their life away into government slavery three years before they can purchase alcohol
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>>3811848
Guess that's why almost all Rangers and SFOD are over 25.
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>>3813843
This swings both ways though. Here in Australia you can enlist at 17 and half. Of the young men I knew that did this, half became fucking outstanding troops by 22 - 23, the other half were perpetually broke alcoholics by 20.
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>>3811848
you know literally nothing. quit pulling shit out of your ass and get the fuck out.

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I'm not a nazi or anything like that. I don't even like nazis or /pol/, but we can all agree that the nanking massacre was the greatest work of Chinese fiction since the a Journey to the West, right?
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>>3816765
It didn't happen but it should have
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>>3816765
There's a spot on my computer screen that makes it look like she's nippin
no pun intended
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>>3816765
WATASHIDACHI WA NANIMOSHITENAI DESU
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What's the point of even denying it? People get massacred all the time when besieged cities fall and it's a small fraction of the war's overall death toll.
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>>3816765
No, I disagree totally.
You not only have a lousy shitty bait post but also have awful taste about women, there are so many hot Asian chicks but you have to chose to repost this ugly bitch. Go kill yourself!

Redpill me on Tito
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>>3816715
>thread about Tito
>someone says he was a Croat
>someone else says "huh I thought he was a Slovene"

Wow I wonder what he could possibly have meant by that, truly a mystery for the ages.
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>>3811010
>Rummel
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>>3816778
I read "though" not thought, my bad, he was a Croat though, isn't that a common fact?
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>>3811426
mindcucked.
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>>3811010
Who the fuck is Rummel?

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What allowed Ethiopia to resist colonialism so successfully? Was pic related a genius, or were the Italians just inept?

Does /his/ have any suggested reading for this period of Ethiopian history?

Also, Ethiopian history thread
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>>3816479
Ethiopia survived because a bunch of major powers were all trying to undermine eachothers' goals in the region. The Italians wanted to connect their colonies in Eritrea and Somalia, the British wanted to secure a land route between their interests in southern Africa and Egypt, and the the French wanted to have their colonies span the entire continent from Dakar to Djibouti.

Because of that, everyone was working to undermine eachother. It of course helped that Menelik was an excellent plotter. He buddied up with the Italians back when he was just a local king, and, like all good feudal vassals do, proceeded to do the absolute bare minimum to assist the Emperor of Ethiopia as he scrambled across the domain to fend off rebels, Egyptians, Madhists, and Italians. In fact, Menelik was often quietly supporting rebellion when the Emperor was away. As part of his agreements with the Italians, he got modern Western weapons, which gave him an edge when Emperor Yohannes was finally killed in battle against the Madhists. In the ensuing power struggle, Menelik used his Italian-supplied army, which had been largely spared the decades of fighting that ravaged Ethiopia, to crush his rivals and seize the throne.

As part of the process of securing the throne, Menelik signed the Treaty of Wuchale with the Italians. The treaty was really supposed to define the border between Menelik's domain and the new Italian colony in Eritrea, but it included a controversial clause. The clause in question differed in Amharic and Italian. The Italian version would have turned Ethiopia into effectively the same kind of colonial vassal that many polities elsewhere became under British rule (like Buganda). But the Amharic version had no such stipulations. This dispute would ultimately lead to war.

>cont
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>>3816479
Dagos tried to take it over even though they can barely hold together their country. Mussolini was a true autistic manlet
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>>3816710
When war broke out, the Italians made some terrible miscalculations. They sent a force of around 20,000 men and 56 guns to impose their will on Ethiopia, but the Ethiopians had always been able to raise massive numbers of men. The campaigns of Yohannes in the years prior saw a combined army and camp following of something like 200-300,000 people. For the war with Italy, Menelik raised an army of 80,000 rifle- and musket-armed men, 20,000 more traditionally armed soldiers with swords, spears, and shields, and 8,600 horses. Also at his disposal were 42 artillery pieces. The gunpowder weapons at his disposal weren't just the older pieces the Italians had supplied, but ones from other European powers like the French and Russians, who had been perfectly willing over the years to arm Ethiopia so as to undermine the Italians. The Russians even offered open support for Ethiopia.

Russian support was significant on paper - something like 50,000 modern rifles including Berdan rifles and even state-of-the-art Mosin Nagants were to be given to Ethiopia. Although the British and Italian sabotage of aid would prevent much of the planned arms shipment from reaching the Ethiopians, they still had modern enough armaments to negate any technological advantage the Italians may have had.

So in the end the Italians had their shit slapped at Adwa, which shouldn't be a surprise to anyone given the numbers involved. Though the Ethiopians didn't have the most modern arms at their disposal, the Italians didn't actually have their forces equipped with their modern new Carcanos, and their artillery pieces were apparently just as outdated as those in Ethiopian hands.

In the aftermath of Adwa, a treaty was signed that ended the war, finally declared Ethiopia independent in clear language, and defined Ethiopia's borders as they exist today. That last point was particularly significant - the borders that Menelik secured included contentious regions like Ogaden.
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If you're looking for some reading about Ethiopia, I've found a couple of resources, although they tend to be limited in their scope.

Best by far is The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa by Gebru Tareke. It's focused more on modern Ethiopia with its war with Somalia in 1977 and the civil war that lasted until the '90s, but it's an excellent resource for better understanding the country as a whole.

Along that same vein is Wings Over Ogaden by Tom Cooper, but that's more of an aviation war history book than anything else, and probably wouldn't interest you unless you're a plane autist. Still, it has some neat parts, like the Cuban airborne armored assault they launched in support of Ethiopia in 1978.

The Horn of Africa as a Common Homeland: The State and Self-Determination in the Era of Heightened Globalization by Leenco Lata is a more political and philosophical paper, but because its subject is so obscure, the author spends the beginning of the paper doing a pretty good brief history of Ethiopia during the scramble for Africa.

Last of all is The Fortunes of Africa: A 5,000-Year History of Wealth, Greed, and Endeavor by Martin Meredith. It's a general African history book, so obviously it's going to have a very superficial look at anything, but being that Ethiopia is one of the few major civilizations on the continent, the book touches on the region multiple times. More importantly, the end of the book provides a recommended reading list for every topic he discusses.
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>>3816633
Because as much as people in the West like to act like they're enlightened and open minded, people are generally pretty uncomfortable with the idea of Africans having free agency.

If you look at any depiction of African wars at all, it's generally from a humanitarian approach that ignores any politics or nuance that would help better understand the conflict - if anyone even bothers to depict it at all. The Congo today has the world's largest refugee crisis going on and conflict that dwarfs Syria and Yemen and yet you literally never hear about it.

Even with countries like Ethiopia where the popular perception is less "literally Heart of Darkness" you've got this hilariously naive and patronizing behavior by most Westerners. Back in the '80s when Ethiopia had a massive famine, there was a huge humanitarian response in the West, culminating in Live Aid. But that humanitarian response funneled food to the Derg regime in Ethiopia, who were the ones who made the famine as bad as it was in the first place. The Derg deliberately pillaged regions that supported rebels and used famine as a weapon in the civil war, and all the aid they were given did was help prop up a terrible regime.

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Is it true the Salem witch trials were mostly just about killing women who made a living preparing herb based abortifacients?
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those heretics and heathens dare make a mockery of our god and they pay for their sins
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>>3816225
>>3816235
MasALLAH, TURK brothers! KARA BOGA!
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European with trials yeah for sure. Salem I don't think so.
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>>3816275
protestants did the burnings.
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>>3816197
It was these:
>>3816246
>>3816276
It was essentially just land grabs, old vendettas, etc.

>>3816275
>European witch trials
More protestant hysteria.

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At what age did you realize alpha was actually beta and beta was actually alpha?
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>>3816578
Do you like telling yourself lies, anon?
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>>3816578
just now. what do i do next?
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No need to widen the terms. It's just a few traits together. Because there's more to a human, there's a certain profit in being a beta and also an omega and this is why they don't an hero on spot.

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How comes white-skin is a standard of beauty in many cultures?
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>>3816524
white looks more pure divine etc then blacky although pink pussy on black goddesses is hot af
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>>3816524
Light coloration in general is a sign of purity/value because it's harder to pull off. You can mar something white by smearing it with something not-white; you can't really mar something black in the same way unless the stuff you're using is really light and vibrant. This is borne out by the simple fact that black or brown things are really common in nature: Dirt, wood, dead plants, anything when it gets wet, a lot of animal fur/feathers/hides, and so on. White or pale things are a much rarer and more eclectic category: Bone, shells, some trees, specific rocks, markings or regions on some animals, and so on.

TL;DR: It's striking.

Also these:
>>3816579
>>3816586
>White skin meant that you weren't out in the sun working, which meant that you were an upper class beautiful person.
>Because its beautiful duh
Which is one reason individuals and subcultures often prefer a more bronzed look, it feels sportier.
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>>3816647
This, pale/light coloration just sticks out more, nothing wrong with that to be honest
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>>3816579
This. Pale skin was a sign of wealth and status, which was a sign of success
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>>3816524
All it meant was you worked indoors and are wealthy. That’s why the Chinese are so obsessed with covering up. Nothing more than a status symbol



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