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This board is dedicated to the discussion of history and the other humanities such as philosophy, religion, law, classical artwork, archeology, anthropology, ancient languages, etc. Please use /lit/ for discussions of literature. Threads should be about specific topics, and the creation of "general" threads is discouraged.

For the purpose of determining what is history, please do not start threads about events taking place less than 25 years ago. Historical discussions should be focused on past events, and not their contemporary consequences. Discussion of modern politics, current events, popular culture, or other non-historical topics should be posted elsewhere. General discussions about international culture should go on /int/.

/his/ is not /pol/, and Global Rule #3 is in effect. Do not try to treat this board as /pol/ with dates. Blatant racism and trolling will not be tolerated, and a high level of discourse is expected. History can be examined from many different conflicting viewpoints; please treat other posters with respect and address the content of their post instead of attacking their character.

When discussing history, please reference credible source material, and provide as much supporting information as possible in your posts.

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Which ancient warrior would win in a 1v1 duel to the death? A 16th century knight or a Samurai from the same period? Assume they're about equal in skill and experience for the sake of argument.
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Holy shit this entire board is hopeless
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>>3567104
And if were playing that game, the knight is just as likely to have a poleaxe or a halberd, and the same thing applies
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>>3567238
I came here for good technical discussion, took one look at the wapanese posters, and lost all hope.
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>>3567284
technical discussion of what prey tell? Other than the relative advantages of European plate armor there isn't a lot to talk about, other than the myths like Europeans not having good martial arts or Japanese having wooden armor.

>>3567279
Yeah but I was responding to a guy talking about swords. pole arms are a whole different ball game.
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>>3567279
But then what prevents the samurai to be armed with its own polearm...?

Besides, armor sorta trumps range, you can't really "keep someone out of range" when that someone is fully armored and therefore can engage you without worrying about getting struck here and there, since he'll have armor.

Knights "beating" samurai because the longsword is typically longer than a japanese sword (and it is arguably) is silly because it isn't a naked fencing match, or maybe it is but it's an entirely different topic then.

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>Sell Iron Ore to the Nazis throughout the war
>Secretly pass information to the Allies
>Allow Germany to deploy troops through your territory
>Allow British to torpedo your convoys
>As the war ends, allow the allies to deploy troops through your territory as well
Is neutral another term for pussy?
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>>3568312
Holy shit you are dense.
>So, answer it straightforward then. Did increase in migration also bring an increase in violent and sexual crimes committed?
No. As the population increases, so does the crime, pretty logical. Sweden is very progressive when it comes to sexual harassment, and the victims are more comfortable with coming our with allegations due to a working justice system and an accepting society. Also if one person rapes another person multiple times it is not counted as one rape case, but each rape is recorded separately.
But I wouldn't know anything about this because I don't get my news from /pol/ approved totally non-biased sources.
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>>3568323
>Holy shit you are dense.
Yes, how dare I question anything.

>No.
So there was no increase in crime due to immigration? Is that what you are claiming?

>No. As the population increases, so does the crime, pretty logical.
Only if you abandon all logic and fail to understand the difference between crime rate and total number of crimes.

>Sweden is very progressive when it comes to sexual harassment, and the victims are more comfortable with coming our with allegations due to a working justice system and an accepting society.
Ah, yes, is that why the Police are discouraged from using race or ethnicity in description of perpetrators in order to no appear "racist"?

>But I wouldn't know anything about this because I don't get my news from /pol/ approved totally non-biased sources.
Ofc not, you only writ down prepared talking points in order to "disprove" the fact that ever since large scale immigration crime, violent crime and sexual assaults have all increased on per capita basis. That would be racist. According to you grenade attacks were always an integral part of Swedish society.

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>>3566165
>tits
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>>3566312
I lived in Stockholm for half a year. Don't pretend its not fucked Sven.
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>>3568345
All capital cities are dogshit

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>>3566205
felvidék>sl*vensko
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>>3567582
Yes it does

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>Beat guerrilla warfare without killing civilians
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>>3567762

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batang_Kali_massacre
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>>3567834
Oppressive measures like this is the entire point of terrorism and guerilla warfare. You're just radicalizing the public against your regime.
The measures your proposing will only work alongside >>3568133
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>>3568029

Considering how both sides in WW2 were so indifferent to civilian death, not really.
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>>3567708
>>3568206

The only real solution
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CP9dg38cAI
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>>3568206
This can work in an european country since the population's demands in an industrialized country are more straightforward and acceptable. As I mentioned, I assumed we're talking about 3rd worlders. Do you think an occupational force can give the insurgents and its supporter population sharia law/agrarian communism/banana republicanism as they want? It kills the whole point of being there.

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What would have happen if the Central powers won the great war?
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>>3566561

bump
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>>3566561
Europe effectively united under Kraut Hegemony. No WWII (assuming Germans don't fuck up negotiatons, which is obviously not a given)
Cold War between the Reich of the Kaiser and the 'Muricans
Colonies not given up nearly as quickly, perhaps not even ever. German Hong Kong?
Japs probably end up getting fucked by some angry Krauts who want to keep their South Easy Asian properties
Communism utterly and totally BTFO, lots of little revolutions surpressed by the greatest land army in the world
America probably never properly militarizes, remains a buncha rich fucks across the Atlantic
ME doesn't get utterly fucked by decolonization, Ottomans survive because they allied with the men who own the world now
I'm sure there's plenty of destabilizing shit I missed, but the world would likely be better off with the autists running it all with their schapps and picklehaubs
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>>3567867
Kraut-Hungerkraut cold war is very unlikely, Sudetenkrauts shilled for Kaiser to annex them so internal crysis in A-H is more likely, either dissolution of one state country or even absolute collapse.
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>>3566561

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>>3567478
What was his secret? How could any man looking like that be that level of pussy magnet?
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>>3568228
Because women are more receptive to wit and charm.
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>>3568237
Also he would fuck any woman no matter what they looked like.

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Who was the Jannetty?
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>>3567776
>luger looking at the camera
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>>3567640
>>3567654
>>3567655
Léon Degrelle, bolshevik that fled from his men when Red army came close and spent rest of the life LARPing as Tintin
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>/asp/ on /his/
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>>3567604
How the fuck was Mosley so /fa/?
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>>3568334
superior anglo genes

There's been more than enough comparing the military of Rome and China. How about comparing them in other ways? For example, which had
>more effective government
>better architecture
>more organized bureaucracy
>better quality of life for citizens
>more influence on neighbors
>more sophisticated culture
>more enduring legacy
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>>3568318
Such dishonesty, geeze.
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>>3568212
This. Rome broke apart into petty kingdom/states and never recovered while china manages to reunify everytime and managed to assimilate other into a single unified han culture in scale of lands bigger than europe

There is a reason china still exist while rome doesnt
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>>3568278
We Wuz Romans N Shiet
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>>3568278
are you implying that the Tang were not a successor state to the Han?

I want you to elaborate this claim.
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>>3568330
Were the Ottomans a successor state to the ERE? because the Tang was founded by Turks.

>oil industry is the lubrication that allows modern civilization to function
>has no replacement
>is currently going broke, hemorrhaging money, conventional production peaked in 2005 and is now declining, unconventional oil is not profitable hence the massive debt being accumulated, meanwhile central banks are increasing interest rates
>OPEC countries hemorrhaging money even while $50/barrel oil is high by historical standards

How will humanity deal with the approaching energy hypercrisis?
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>>3565860
If we actually had to - meaning, if the cost of fossil fuels was skyrocketing to the point that it would be more expensive not to - we could fossil fuel powered ground vehicles with electric ones, and fossil fuel based electricity generation with nuclear power very quickly. It'd require legal changes, but sea shipping could be adapted to use nuclear power if a crisis actually demanded it as well. Aircraft would still need fossil fuel, but that's a tiny portion of the global demand.
>>
>>3565860
I'm actually surprised more people don't know this.
The current fracking process being used to extract oil from the ground is way costlier than the normal way it's obtained, fracking well decline rates are exponentially higher than regular oil drill wells, new discoveries haven't been found yet, and the clean energy shit we've been hearing about also require industrial processes to obtain (rare earths and silver for solar cells, large ass amounts of material for wind towers, heavy and rare earth metals for batteries, uranium for nuclear plants, and water for hydroelectric dams that are getting fucked by large domestic consumption of megacities).
And through all that, people don't know that everything starts with oil in our modern economy. Even clean energy systems start from oil.
I literally do not understand how a 7 billion planet of humans will be supported by our global economy when oil finally disappears.
>>
People who are concerned with the declining oil in terms of energy production and transport are really missing out on the main problem that will result which is production of plastics. There really isn't a viable method yet to replace oil in plastic manufacturing unlike with transport and energy which could conceivably switch to other energy sources relatively quickly
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>b-but renewables are fake news!

There is no crisis, the transition is already well underway
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>>3565860

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If God exists then what created God?

>inb4 God created himself

Not an argument. And besides, that's basically the exact same stance as atheists who say the universe was created out of nothing.
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>>3565784
God is non-physical so your whole point is asinine. You're just using a silly would to describe the same entity and calling it an argument fallaciously
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>>3566037
Isn't that just transubstantiation on a larger scale
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I don't even understand why this would be a question. To believe in God is to believe in magic. Causation and logic don't enter into it at that point.

That's not even to be insulting, but if you aren't a believer - wouldn't that be what one would assume? Magic doesn't have to be logical, and neither does God.

Now Catholics are bigger on logos than most Christian religions, but even they only apply it to God's creation - God himself is unknowable, save as revealed through Christ. Albeit, the schooled among them also say that, if there is a verifiable logical inconsistency in the Bible, the problem isn't with the logic or the Bible, but that the interpretation or understanding of the Bible is incorrect - but as you're asking about the literally unknowable, that doesn't apply here.
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>>3564690
This only works as a critique if you presuppose that God must operate under the same constraints as the physical universe. There is no reason to believe this, ergo the argument falls a bit flat.
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>>3567183
>What makes you think you're qualified to state that you've seen God and haven't simply fallen victim to delusions
I'm not talking from personal experience, I am nowhere that far
>and haven't simply fallen victim to delusions, got spiked, had a psychotic episode or any other of the hundreds of explainable psychological phenomena that result in these feelings?
because what I'm talking about it's not a sensory experience, and by sensory experience I'm mean all of the content in your field of awareness,
including feelings as well as mental images and thoughts
it's as if you were to increase your level of concentration from 10 to 10 000
and then you turn the observer against itself
everything in your sensory field is still the same, the only difference is that you're just seeing it for what it is

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Is it fascism based on fear?
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>>3563966
this was made by a neo-nazi who tries to bait the centrists to their side
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>>3562848
All extreme ideologies are based on fear.
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>>3566523
>neo-nazi
this post was written by some one from /leftypol/
pls go back
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>>3563982
>anarcho-fascism
>vomits

is it even a thing?
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>>3563671
Why wouldn't you ban other parties when you're trying to make a one-party state?

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So today is the 100 anniversary of what is arguably the reason why the world is currently a shit show. On October 22, 1917, Vladimir Lenin proclaimed a revolution, which ended with the creation of the USSR. What is /his/ thoughts about this? While this isn't /pol/, but the way SJWs cry about oppression yet are much the oppresor similar to how the communists blamed the farmers/kulaks and resulted in their annihilation, are we headed in a similar path?

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Who decided which books were going to be in the Bible, and what criteria did they use?

>inb4 GOD/HOLY SPIRIT
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They wanted to say what was "divinely inspired" i.e. what they thought most accurate

So what >>3565725 said, but in some ways less cynical than it sounds, because some of the apocrypha included shit like Jesus fighting dragons and other hilarious shit that didn't seem in line with the most consistent versions of the story.
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>>3565725
Why do proddies follow the Catholic/Orthodox New Testament canon without question but take out books from the Old one?
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>>3565654
That was largely decided during the First Council of Nicaea, where matters such as whether the Father was greater than the Son or if they were equal, if priests could sleep around or self-castrate, whether circumcision was something strictly Jewish or if it was kinda Christian as well, and on which day Easter was to be celebrated were also settled.
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>>3565865
Catholics/Orthodox share the same exact bible.
>>3566023
Because there wasn't a manuscript of those books in Hebrew, but rather Koine Greek. Luther thought that meant that they weren't authentic.
>>3567288
Only some of those things were decided at Nicaea, the canon was not (though it was basically finished)
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>>3567851
That is wrong. Orthodox has more books in their bible

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>Recommend books

>Get book recommendations

MY RECOMMENDS:
* The Proud Tower
* George, Nicholas, and Wilhelm
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>>3567088
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>>3567088
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>>3567206
I haven't read Napoleon The Great but Napoleon A Life was written after the release of more than 3000 new letters by Napoleon that give more insight into his life. Roberts also tries to paint a different light on Napoleon's life that he was never a type of proto-Hitler like he seems to be compared to unfairly. It's a great book so far.
>>
What English translation would you recommend for The Iliad/Odyssey? Both "Start with the Greeks" images recommend different translation, the Pope and Fagels one.
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>>3564785
Give it some time, the same happened to me when I first read it. Sleepwalkers is my favorite history book, hands down. Just incredible.



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