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Stories and folklore surrounding big historical figures in smaller contexts. Showing the influence of the ruler on a very human level. I feel this isn't talked about much.

>The municipality of Olen has the most famous legend about Charles V in Belgium: the “three eared mug”. The story goes that the emperor visited Olen (at the time it was not even worthy of the name village) and demanded a beer. Luckily the inhabitants had agreed beforehand the king shouldn’t drink from an ordinary mug and had made one with an ear in an effort to look more refined. The innkeeper, however, presented the mug while holding the ear.
>The next time the emperor visited Olen, the inhabitants had made a mug with two ears but the innkeeper screwed up again by presenting the mug while holding both ears.
The third time, they made a three-eared mug but the innkeeper brought the mug while holding two ears with the third pointing to himself instead of the emperor.
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>>4015301
that's amazing, did it really happen or is it somewhat of a legend?
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>>4015301
It's amazing how great rulers were also just dudes fixing things and fucking things up by getting lost and having to ask directions
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>>4014321
There is a legend about his son, Philip II, being haunted in dreams or something like that by a black hound of red eyes that apparently wandered through the halls of El Escorial, and supposedly on his deathbed he told to the priests that he kept hearing the barking of the dog.
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>>4015374
Fuck you anon, it's 1 AM here and that scares the shit out of me

not that the guy didn't deserve it though
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>>4015374
Creepy.

>Excuse moi monsieur, where did you say you were from?
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>>4015337
The... what? What country did you say?
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>>4015348

You should take a trip down to So Cal and just chillax, mang.
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>>4015356
Is the food good? Are the people nice?
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>>4015332
Prussia
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>>4015371

The girls are green and the grass is pretty.

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>history runs on an autistic railroad that can't be changed
>history repeats itself
>actually takes hegel seriously
>is basically on par with other 19th century pseudo-science
Would Marxism even be popular today if a bunch of french revolution LARPers never took over Russia and forced it on non idiots?
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>>4015092
that's not what he said brainlet. he said that marxists in europe have not succumbed to SJWism which is not true.
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>>4015092
We aren't talking about Nazis or left and right. He said that since the working conditions for the average worker have generally improved significantly, Marxism had lost its original cause and so had to find new causes to stay relevant, and that's how the "X group is being oppressed by Y group" craze started.
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>>4015103
>Marxism had lost its original cause and so had to find new causes to stay relevant, and that's how the "X group is being oppressed by Y group" craze started.
Yes because SJWs are totally all Marxists and not a mess of interests stemming from all over the political spectrum, in addition to some group simply complaining.

Fuck off Amerimutt.
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>>4015076
t. /lit/ retard
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>>4014947
t. Jewish nigger Lasalle

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Early anthropologists documented Southern Arabian populations who resembled indigenous Australians rather than sub-Saharans.

Who were they?
>>
Never heard of em

There’s the Huteimi people of Arabia, but they don’t look like Abos
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>>4015354

Collectively called "Veddoid".

They speak Arabic so, it's hard to say.

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>>4014834
Why do you side with the eternal Germ?
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>>4015277
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>>4014301
These damn Jews are really playing 8D chess
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Pic related never wrong
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>>4015316
Left is right, right is wrong

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In a nihilistic world, why shouldn't you become a hedonist?
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>>4013254
This IS a nihilistic world!
>>
My world is centered around my friends and family which would most likely be caused much grief if I went and died. Thus my world is not nihilist, therefore there is not much to be gained from hedonism that would not have great drawbacks. although i would like to get rid of my virginity. I will go to amsterdam soon, maybe Ill pay for a hooker.
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>>4013254
In a nihilistic world, what motivates you to wake up every morning? Is pleasure really that strong of a motivator?

Edgy kids calling themselves "nihilists" are deluding themselves. Real nihilists are tortured, miserable souls. If you love your family, your friends, music, sports, anything you find meaning in, then I'm afraid to tell you that you are not a nihilist. Just an edgelord.

Without meaning, without purpose, life is simply not worth living. There lies your contradiction. A true nihilist cannot be a hedonist, and a true hedonist - one who believes life's only purpose is the enjoyment of life itself - cannot axomatically be called a nihilist, for he has found meaning.
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>>4013254
Well there wouldn't really be a meaning to that would there?
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>>4013455
>>4013570
>>4013901
Just curious, what do you believe to be the best way of moving forward in the future?

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Churchill was the worst leader Britain ever had. Why do we still praise him?

>Fucks up at Gallipoli, only interested in personal glory so deliberately sends less men than Greeks warn him to
>Becomes one of the biggest blood bathes for the empire ever and alienates aussies

>Gets made Chancellor of the Exchequer, Goes BACK to the Gold Standard, because he wants the personal glory of bringing back the good old days
>British Mining industry almost destroyed, Britain falls behind the rest of Europe and begins a 50 year decline

>Gets made prime minister in 1940
>Proceeds to ignore based Auchinlek and leads the Army into some of its biggest defeats, arguably responsible for Singapore, Somaliland and not forcing the Italians out after Operation Compass

>Brings the US into the war
>Subsequently starts a pointless front in Italy, has to be talked out of starting another pointless front in Yugoslavia

>Directs British Economy through war years, needlessly nationalizes dozens of industries for war production, despite the US already handling production

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>>4014830
>hurchill was the worst leader Britain ever had.
Pretty sure Lord North was worse because it was his policies that caused the American colonies to revolt.
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>>4015074

Sure, a few of the more well known things.

>pushes through the development of the tank in WW1 giving the allies a significant advantage in the latter part of the war
pushes through modernization of the british fleet from coal to oil and the strategic seizure of african oil fields when realizing how critical oil supplies will be in future wars
>correctly anticipated that single-engine fighter planes would become the most valuable war machinery in the next stage of the war after France falls, streamlining production to the point the brits outproduced the krauts in fighter planes 3 to 1 during the battle of britain while the dumshit germans are still producing worthless heavy fighters
>fights tooth and nail against stalinism even when dying old roosevelt is naive enough to think Stalin would keep his promises if you gave him what he wanted
>made unpopular political decisions overruling military concerns because he saw sometimes the bigger picture is more important, like evacuating french troops from Dunkirk, attacking the French fleet at Mers-el-Kébir, reassuring the americans that britain would not sue for peace with Hitler
>ordered the bombing of Berlin to trigger HItler going full autismo and order the luftwaffe to switch away from strategic targets to cities instead
>postponing mainland invasion despite fierce protests of the soviets and americans until '44 so that troops and soldiers could get valuable experience in north africa and Italy, it has been argued that he okayed the disastrous Dieppe raid knowing it would fail because he was willing to sacrifice those men so the americans would back off their '42 invasion talk and avoid an even larger disaster
>was telling everyone that there was no way Hitler wasn't gonna plunge Europe into another war for like almost 10 years before it happened

Churchill fucked up as much as any politician will do but at the end of the day he got the job done. And his speeches were fine btw, they did their job.
>>
>>4015223
It's also worth noting his choice of Templer for Malayan High Commissioner turned the Emergency around, he specifically look for a general who wouldn't just go full military on the situation
>>
>>4015223
>pushes through the development of the tank in WW1 giving the allies a significant advantage in the latter part of the war

Germany was fucked from 1917 anyway. Granted tanks were of HUGE benefit in the 100 days offensive, but certainly not decisive to the war
>pushes through modernization of the british fleet from coal to oil and the strategic seizure of african oil fields when realizing how critical oil supplies will be in future wars
True
>>correctly anticipated that single-engine fighter planes would become the most valuable war machinery in the next stage of the war after France falls, streamlining production to the point the brits outproduced the krauts in fighter planes 3 to 1 during the battle of britain while the dumshit germans are still producing worthless heavy fighters
It's hardly as if Germany could've invaded Britain anyway. The battle of britain was a foregone conclusion.
>>fights tooth and nail against stalinism even when dying old roosevelt is naive enough to think Stalin would keep his promises if you gave him what he wanted
And retardly advocated Operation Unthinkable.
>>made unpopular political decisions overruling military concerns because he saw sometimes the bigger picture is more important, like evacuating french troops from Dunkirk, attacking the French fleet at Mers-el-Kébir, reassuring the americans that britain would not sue for peace with Hitler
Fair
>>ordered the bombing of Berlin to trigger HItler going full autismo and order the luftwaffe to switch away from strategic targets to cities instead
That wasn't intentional, but rather a response to the bombing of London.
>postponing mainland invasion despite fierce protests of the soviets and americans until '44

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>>4015223
>was telling everyone that there was no way Hitler wasn't gonna plunge Europe into another war for like almost 10 years before it happened
This is true, in fairness, but his foreign policy was just incredibly hostile in general, I don't think that's because he was a great judge of character, but rather just because he wanted military force for Britain and France to keep dominating the continent.

Whilst you do bring up some good points on his foresight in regards to warfare, as well as his handling of malaya, it's hard to argue he was in anyway a net benefit for the UK, especially considering how disastrous his gold standard decision was, and his economic policies in general. It shouldn't be controversial to claim Churchill was a shitty peacetime leader.

When will Finland rise up and unite the world?
>>
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When will Bosnia rise up and unite the Ummah?

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Sweden claims of being a "humanitarian superpower" got me thinking, has there ever been a such a thing in history?

Ie. a nation that achieved some sort of wealth,
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>all these heathens buttmad that a country for once actually embraced the message of kindness and forgivness given to us by the Lord
>>
>>4012927
USA.

Their post-WW2 influence in Europe and elsewhere was literally based on material aid and the export of democracy.
>>
>>4012927
Hands down the belgians, their king even put up a humanitarian organisation to help the poor congolese people get civilized called "the congo freestate"

They really pioneered the idea of humanitarian aid.
>>
>>4015260
Agree.
>>
>>4012927
The British Empire unironically.

Is obesity actually a legitimate societal issue or is it pretty much just a meme?
>>
>>4015218
It’s a problem, but not for as significant a portion of the population as it’s made out to be.
>>
>>4015271
>but not for as significant a portion of the population as it’s made out to be.
>>>>1/3 the fucking population
>>
>>4015218
it's pretty sad when not one state is under 20%
>>
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It more depends on how obese someone is.

Someone that has a BMI of like 32 can easily live a life that is relatively healthy, despite their weight.

But if you're 40+, then it is a problem.

But thankfully only like 5% of the population fits even the lowest criteria of 40+
And things like people weighing 400-500+ is less than 1%

Does Pascal's Wager fall apart when you consider the large number of possible religions and gods out there, including gods that we aren't even aware of? Seems like being a nonbeliever is a similar wager to picking one of the countless faiths out there. Is the assumption of Christianity being one of the few possibly legitimate faiths just an artifact of the past, or was this common counterargument considered back then?
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>>4015023
Jesus was also a puny chode, as does anyone who dies a virgin. The idea of you claiming divinity over the Almighty Glourie of The Amazing Dildoni is comic.
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>>4014361
>the logical impossibility of having free will if an omniscient being exists
There is more and more research on the existence of free will and doubt about it existing is increasing
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>>4015071
>Jesus was also a puny chode, as does anyone who dies a virgin.

I'm not a virgin. Neither am I Don Juan other than in the sense that I technically have a divine right to any woman I want - but I only have that (partially) because I'm not really inclined to force myself on women - other than issuing a divine mandate for 6+/10 Jewish women to send me topless pics because the phony divine mandates of the Jews have caused serious substantive harm to me - physically, emotionally, and reputationally - the being that is "my Father" (God in spirit) will treat them much harsher than me.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_2AfrYpqGY
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>>4015163
It doesn't count if you got fucked in the ass you he-bitch.
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>>4014268
Christianity and Islam are the only really major extant religions that threaten non-believers with eternal hellfire. I think Pascal's wager narrows it down to those two. If some version of say one of the religions of India turns out to be true you'll eventually be reincarnated and have another go at it.

ITT: Castle layout porn
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>>4014851
it's so small and cute!
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>>4013950
Is that Carolingian?
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>>4015244
it doesn't really seem carolingian, rather merovingian; this seems more carolingian >>4014622
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>>4015261
Yeah I suppose.
>>
Anyone have layout of Japanese castles?

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Was he the most powerful monarch of all time?
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>>4014619
It was feudal like China
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>>4014258
Can you stop meming and tell us why north Korea can't be considered a monarchy?
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>>4014688
Because it's simply not. It's a totalitarian dictatorship. It's rulers don't claim any royal title, in fact the opposite. Why do you think it is?
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Just look at these two ultra chads
>>
He had a pretty impressive domain. His successors had even more though via the Iberian Union with Portugal

How come early Turkic peoples were described as light haired and blue eyed, despite their Far Eastern location?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yenisei_Kyrgyz
>The Yenisei Kyrgyz, also known as the Ancient Kyrgyz or the Khyagas (Khakas), were an ancient Turkic people who dwelled along the upper Yenisei River in the southern portion of the Minusinsk Depression from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE. The heart of their homeland was the forested Tannu-Ola mountain range (known in ancient times as the Lao or Kogmen mountains), in modern-day Tuva, just north of Mongolia. The Sayan mountains were also included in their territory at different times. The Kyrgyz Khaganate existed from 550 to 1219 CE; in 840, it took over the leadership of the Turkic Khaganate from the Uyghurs, expanding the state from the Yenisei territories into the Central Asia and Tarim basin. The Yenisei Kyrgyz mass migration to the Jeti-su resulted in the formation of the modern Kyrgyz Republic, land of the modern-day Kyrgyz.

>Since the Turks were being described as people of small stature in the Tangshu,[citation needed] the description of the Kirghiz as tall, blue-eyed blonds excited the early interest of scholars, who assumed that they could not have originally been Turkic in language.
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>>4013255
Truth hurts, huh :)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_R1a_frequency_by_population
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>>4013294
Might be if it hurt.
One thing everyone is sure about is how worthless scandinavians were throughout their existence.
The only germanics that are worth a damn are the ones that mixed with celts and latins.
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>>4013906
Meant if it were true*
>>
>>4013906
>with celts
most didn't
>with latins
kek when
>>
Saka
PIE
Proto Iranic Scthians/Saceans
>>4012722
Nordic people didn't exist

>>4013294
R1a is Iranic not European

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Previous Thread: >>3921764

/his/ Book Thread; come discuss what you're reading, ask for recommendations or recommend some books to your fellow anons, ask for opinions on some books you've been thinking of reading.

Hundreds of book lists for research into numerous topics, with explanations of each recommendation
>https://pastebin.com/u/jonstond2/1

Mega libraries of free e-books suggested by kind anons:

2,000 World History Books
>https://mega.nz/#F!dlZlDbqL!TXG5bGvWufONkrQAL7b7jA

Mysticism/Occult Books
>https://mega.nz/#F!AE5yjIqB!y7Vdxdb5pbNsi2O3zyq9KQ!xIYUzIgR


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>>4012288
>>
Would give my left nut for

Italy in the Central Middle Ages 1000-1300

and

Kinship and conquest: family strategies in the principality of Salerno during the Norman Period, 1077-1194
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>>4012619
Go on to the Greeks and then resume with the Romans
>>
>>4013292
but this one isn't done yet
>>
>>4015044
yea i know that feel. oxford short histories are very comfy and well written



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