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How does materialism explain consciousness without devolving into panphysicism?
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Those people either aren't materialist, are wrong, or are imagining some quantum bullshit that's way too complicated to get into; but basically, from a purely materialist point of view, uploading your brain to a computer would only save a copy of your mind, not "move" it there.
microtubules man
Part of the problem is that leaving any uknowns is seeing by theists to be an opportunity to peddle their crosses and books,
You really cannot admit "I don't know" if literally any admittance of it is seeing as an apportunity bring up the resurrecting carpenter (for example).
There's a magical jew in the sky.
This line of reasoning has never made sense to me. How can consciousness be an illusion when it's in fact the most real thing there is? The only thing that is self evident when we go the path of full skepticism. Cogito ergo sum and all. I can understand saying that the self is an illusion, but consciousness itself?

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This dude was literally a usurper.
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He's just a cute lil nigga I think.
welcome to roman politics OP, are you new?
>legal heir of Gaius Julius Caesar

now if you mean that he was a tyrant who dealt the final blow to the Republic, you would have a point.
>I love this new jewish narrative that caesar was a bad guy
Please fuck off, retard

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Royal Standard of the Catholic Monarchs (1492-1506)
Right Hates him because he dismantled the Francos state, Left hates him because he is a monarch, his son probably hates him because due to his trips and hunting and other excuses Spanish monarchy is ranked the lowest in approval ratings in the whole Europe.
What was he thinking?
He's the reigning Bourbon monarch, he can do what he wants.
>What was he thinking?
He wasn't.

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>For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever.

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I heard they are descendants of Mithraism
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Zoroastrianism is not a descendant of Mithraism.
I don't know enough about Yazidi sto comment.
Kys, icchantika.
Zoroastrianism is a reform of Iranian paganism. Yazidism has an Iranian pagan substrate, but is also highly Semitized. That is the connection. Mithraism is a Roman religion that happened to adopt the name of a Persian God, I don't know of any hard and fast parallels between what little we do know of it and any Persian tradition more substantial than the name "Mithras"
Ezidism is a shaming ritual imposed by Arabs. If you ask an Ezidi about the possibility of their religion being Zoroastrian, they will deny it in fear of being persecuted.
Which is really weird, because most of them live in isolated villages in Christian countries.
>buddha worshipper

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Why was al andalus composed of city states?
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The geography of Spain breaks the peninsula up into a bunch of distinct regions separated from one another by difficult terrain. Instead of trying to rule the whole thing from a single administrative center, it's easier for each semi-isolated region to have its own administrative center which then pay tribute to the national capital. In medieval times, when all governments had very limited administrative capacity, this meant each regional capital was prone to going its own way as an independent power since the central government was barely strong enough to control them. In the early modern period state administrative capacity dramatically increased for a variety of reasons and the Christian monarchs were able to gradually subdue the regional centers and subordinate them to a central government.
Very well said.
Those are TAIFAS, retard
Andalusi taifas were basically city states similar to the Greek poleis. It's an ancient form of government common to all the Mediterranean.
taifas were massive compared to poleis though, more like province-states than city-states

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Chud Anon, that seamonke bussy is about to be quivering like that time I stole your rice bowl.
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tell timmy to get out of the way nigger
lets see how many days you survive
I'm giving you 150 days until the last nigger feels the warmth of the sun
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well nigger? deal?

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What causes different cultures to arise? Like why didn’t Medieval Europe have hanfus, pagodas, and worship their gods and ancestors? Why didn’t Medieval China have western-style clothes, gothic architecture, and worship a monotheistic god?
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Is this a joke?
Architecture is just some people's creativity made form. Countries like basing their cultural identity on it while they contributed nothing to it. Different people have different creative processes so you end up with different styles in different countries. That's just one side to culture too, culinary culture is pretty straightforward, you can only build on what is accessible.
Never doubt the autists of this website.
Tradition and politics around tradition. Early states and political systems couldn't be very intrusive, it seems that early rurikids for instance barely intervened in their subjects affairs(they didn't evwand didn't see the reason to, however a geopolitical need of having the ability to mobilise the population makes them develop these. However, directly reverting the situation will cause too much turmoil, so what usually happens is that power is built on top of existing structures(let's say families as an example) or, alternatively it subverts them(see the Romans going from republic to the empire - there's a very long period of time when the emperor is obviously a monarch but pretends not to be one
Posted preemptively - since the Chinese power structures were built differently from families upwards as well as they've had access to different material conditions, these power structures were built in a different way. What also has to be noted is that afterwards these have caused evolutionary pressures on these populations which is why these differences are deeper than the culture, intensity of certain physical and psychological traits will differ between peoples because of this gene-cultural coevolution.

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>Post a single document stating it was solely over slavery or you will be forced to concede.
You read nothing of what I post, why do you bother spending so much time vomiting out nonsense if you're not even going to bother actually responding? You're just talking to yourself. Do you feel better?
>If you are unable
I didnt realise I had such power. What an honor you have bestowed on me.
>about slaves?
>about slavery?
Not to mention they literally have slave nigs fuck white irish women for top quality mutts,

These southerners were literally fighting continue the state breeding of poor irish women with nigs.
>jewish plantation owners
An idea popularized by Nation of Islam, black muslims

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Deism makes the most sense to be quite fair.

Islan says all souls are in Barzakh until judgement day (qiyamah) and that hell is currently empty.

Sunni hadith says Mugammad dreamed Abu Lahab was burning in hell and he got relief for giving a slave water.

Sunnis also say Abu Talib is in hell now and having his brains boiled out.

Sunni hadith says angel Gabriel physically rendered Pharoah incapable of vocalising the Shahada by stuffing mud in his mouth because Gabriel was afraid Allah would accept his repentance.

1. Angels don't have free will, they follow Allah's commands, so Allah was scared that Allah would accept pharaoh repenting?

2. This means mute people can't convert to Islam if Pharaoh was prevented from repenting just by mud in his mouth. If you punch someone's teeth out you can consign them to hellfire by this logic since they can't say la ilaha illa allah.
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How can you possibly read this with a sober mind and not come to the conclusion that whoever wrote this heard about the exodus story and was like “yea that pharaoh guy for sure was begging forgiveness from God after the Red Sea came down on him, better write that down”.
It's based?
Sorry for not being influenced by feminists from the 20th century.
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sunni sisters, our response?
>As I said in the Quran the phrase "companions of the fire" is ALWAYS used in reference to the damned.
It isnt in this instance. The angels were appointed to oversee hell, not damned.
Sahih al-Bukhari 2927
Narrated `Amr bin Taghlib:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "One of the portents of the Hour is that you will fight with people wearing shoes made of hair; and one of the portents of the Hour is that you will fight with broad-faced people whose faces will look like shields coated with leather."
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النُّعْمَانِ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرُ بْنُ حَازِمٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الْحَسَنَ، يَقُولُ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ تَغْلِبَ، قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم " إِنَّ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِ السَّاعَةِ أَنْ تُقَاتِلُوا قَوْمًا يَنْتَعِلُونَ نِعَالَ الشَّعَرِ، وَإِنَّ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِ السَّاعَةِ أَنْ تُقَاتِلُوا قَوْمًا عِرَاضَ الْوُجُوهِ، كَأَنَّ وُجُوهَهُمُ الْمَجَانُّ الْمُطَرَّقَةُ ".

Sahih al-Bukhari 2928
Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "The Hour will not be established until you fight with the Turks; people with small eyes, red faces, and flat noses. Their faces will look like shields coated with leather. The Hour will not be established till you fight with people whose shoes are made of hair."

so being crucified was nothing special back in the day and neither was being resurrected from the dead ( happened a lot in other religions before christianity and even happened to lazarus before it happened to christ)
so what is so special about the death and resurrection of jesus then
So Jesus lived a perfect human life.
Which means he didnt have his own sins to pay for.
He took upon himself the sins of the world on the cross; died, and went to Hell (yes the Belly of the Earth means Hell) and propitiated every sin ever (in his infinitude as God).
On the third day he rose again, signifying that the full payment was made.
>what is so special about the death and resurrection of jesus then
that dead kike converted and collapsed rome
and people want to keep repeating that cycle

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>the protagonists
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spics are literal subhumans compared to serbia
Seething nordoid
I'll admit Spanish people are not exactly distinguished when it comes to pure mathematics
Then give me a physicist.
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*when it comes to anything with abstract thinking

is there free will in heaven?
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"I hope not."
t. Mother Angelica
real quote on this topic
If you are in heaven, your free will is to listen to god like a slave.
>if you are in your parents' house, your free will is to listen to your parents like a slave
>implying God will assign us tasks to do in heaven
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forgot pic
Probs not

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Less than 10k years on from the start of religion, and not a single major belief system in the world worships the sun (the flaming explosion that literally the source of all life on earth, that we utterly depend on, but will also kill us)

How have idealists committed Total Animist Death this completely? Like really, I feel like there should be at least some amount of sun worship or at least reverence? in at least some culture? a single one?
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I'll concede that, but Shinto isn't a major religion. It's peripheral at best. Also, only having a single counterexample for what I feel is such a universal and profound impulse of extollation (of the heavenly body that literally sustains your life and world) further proves my point

I feel like heliolatria feels like it ought to be the median natural state for human cosmology, but it isn't. and why?
did they know the sun sustained life?
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The sun literally sustains all life on earth (except for a few stygian tube suckers), is the brightest and most noticeable object in sight, literally so bright and glorious you can go legitimately blind for too zealously beholding it's mysteries. just feels like there ought to be more sun worship around. like not even a minor world religion??
without going blind from it's intensity and desolate majesty?

ask any non city dweller this question. All agriculture depends on the Sun, and farmers have always known this, even from very ancient times.
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why does it have to be a central deity
people moved on after egyptians to more complex societies with more motivations than just growing food

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